- The Gaussian coordinate system is a logical generalisation of the Cartesian co-ordinate system.
- Once in possession of the Lorentz transformation, however, we can combine this with the principle of relativity, and sum up the theory thus: Every general law of nature must be so constituted that it is transformed into a law of exactly the same form when, instead of the space-time variables x, y, z, t of the original coordinate system K, we introduce new space-time variables x1, y1, z1, t1 of a co-ordinate system K1.
- If we confine the application of the theory to the case where the gravitational fields can be regarded as being weak, and in which all masses move with respect to the coordinate system with velocities which are small compared with the velocity of light, we then obtain as a first approximation the Newtonian theory.
- Now let us refer this domain to a random Gauss coordinate system or to a "mollusc" as reference-body K1.

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