Since some of these independent States were, and still are, monarchies, a higher title had to be provided for the Chief of the Federation.
So the inferior position held by women in the industrial world was therefore inevitably reflected in the Federation.
Courbet, my master, you don't know what you are talking about, and all true artists will send you to old Harry, you and your federation.
Greek attempts at employing the higher method, that of federation.
The experience which they had had from 1776 to 1789 had taught the different States the necessity of giving a more concentrated character to their federation.
Both wanted to join the Federation.
It was a question as to whether Schleswig-Holstein should be permitted to join the German Federation.
A zollverein should be the first goal of Balkan statesmanship in the new phase of history that is opening for Europe; but economic relations on this scale involve the political factor, and the Balkans will not be able to deal with their great neighbours on equal terms till the zollverein has ripened into a federation.
The Dutch and Swiss federations.
The leading family of the leading tribe often took their wives from the leading families of the "inner tribes", and these leaders served as advisors and councillors to the leader of the federation.
The political system of India is neither feudalism nor federation.
Here, as in earlier Greek history, the instinct of autonomy was too powerful to admit of complete federation.
Dial N' CERF USA, run by the California Education and Research Federation.
At last they drew together in a federation.
There was many a tribe which, as a tribe, had to serve a free tribe; and there were others who, as tribes, had to serve the whole federation.
This conviction might eventually lead to an enlargement of the Triple Alliance into a Central European Federation.
After one hundred and ninety firms had signed up, and the majority of the strikers had returned to their shops, an attempt was made to settle with the still obdurate employers through arbitration, at the suggestion of the National Civic Federation.
When the last Balkan War had shown the inner power of the South Slavs, I greeted in it the disintegration of the Turkish Empire, which would be followed by the disintegration of the three other Empires--Austria, Russia, and Germany--so as to open the way for two, three, or more federations.
The one method was conquest with incorporation, the other method was federation.
For the formation of larger and more complex social aggregates, only two methods are practicable,--conquest or federation.
Thus in so far as Greece contributed anything towards the formation of great and pacific political aggregates, she did it through attempts at federation.
that the war should be carried on, in somewhat adventurous fashion, with constant changes in the plan and in the theatre of operations; and that its favourable issue could only be looked for as the result of political and not of military successes--of the gradual loosening and final breaking up of the Italian federation.
In addition, there were individuals who had quit or had been forced to quit their tribe or their home and had joined the federation leader as his personal "bondsmen"; further, there were individual slaves and, finally, there were the large masses of agriculturists who had been conquered by the federation.
At the top point of the cone there was the person of the ruler of the federation.
In every one of these states the Women's Trade Union League has first of all provided an opportunity for the organized women of different trades to come together and decide upon a common policy; next, to cooeperate with other bodies, such as the State Federation of Labor, and the city centrals, the Consumers' League, the American Association for Labor Legislation, and the women's clubs, in support of such humane legislation.
They regulated and paid the standing army of the Federation"; "Hell."
Politicians, migratory Pontic migration Population changes Population decrease (see Census, Fertility) Porcelain Port Arthur, city Portsmouth, treaty Portuguese (see Fu-lan-chi, Macao) Potter Pottery black pottery (see Porcelain) Price controls Priests (see Shamans, Ju, Monks) Primogeniture Princes Printing (see Colour, Book) Privileges of gentry Proletariat (see Labour) Propaganda Property relations (see Laws, Inheritance, Primogeniture) Protectorate Provinces, administration pu-ch'ue, bondsmen P'u-ku Huai-en, general P'u Sung-lin, writer P'u Yi, Manchu ruler Puppet plays Railways Manchurian Railway Rebellions (see Peasants, Secret Societies, Revolutions) Red Eyebrows, peasant movement Red Guards Reforms; Reform of language (see Land reform) Regents Religion popular religion (see Bon, Shintoism, Persecution, Sacrifice, Ancestor cult, Fertility cults, Deities, Temples, Monasteries, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Mazdaism, Manichaeism, Messianic religions, Secret societies, Soul, Shamanism, State religion) Republic Revolutions; legitimization of revolution (see Rebellions) Ricci, Matteo, missionary Rice Rifles Ritualism Roads Roman Empire Roosevelt, F.D., president Russia (see Soviet Republics) Ryukyu (Liu-ch'iu), islands Sacrifices Sages Sakhalin (Karafuto), island Salar, ethnic group Salary Salt Salt merchants Salt trade Samarkand, city San-min chu-i, book Sang Hung-yang, economist Sassanids, Iranian dynasty Scholars (Ju) (see Literati, Scribes, Intellectuals, Confucianists) Schools, (see Education) Science, (see Mathematics, Astronomy, Nature) Scribes Script, Chinese Sculpture Buddhist sculptures se-mu (auxiliary troops) Seal, imperial Secret societies (see Red Eyebrows; Yellow Turbans; White Lotus; Boxer; Rebellions) Sects Buddhist sects Seng-ko-lin-ch'in, general Serfs (see Slaves, Servants, Bondsmen) Servants Settlement, of foreigners military (see Colonization) Sha-t'o, tribal federation Shadow theatre Shahruk, ruler Shamans Shamanism Shan tribes of South East Asia Shan-hai-ching, book Shan-yue, title of nomadic ruler Shang dynasty Shang Ti, deity Shang Tz)u, philosopher (Shang Yang) Shanghai, city Shao Yung, philosopher Sheep Shen Nung, mythical figure Shen Tsung, Sung ruler Manchu ruler Sheng Tsu, Manchu ruler Shih-chi, book Shih Ching-t'ang, ruler Shih Ch'ung, writer Shih Heng, soldier Shih Hu, ruler Shih Huang-ti, ruler Shih Lo, ruler Shih-pi, ruler Shih Ss)u-ming Shih Tsung, Manchu ruler Shih-wei, Mongol tribes Shintoism, Japanese religion Ships (see Navy) Short stories Shoulder axes Shu (Szechwan), area and/or state Shu-Han dynasty Shun, dynasty mythical ruler Shun-chih, reign period Sian (Hsi-an, Ch'ang-an), city Siao Ho (Hsiao Ho), jurist Silk Silk road Silver Sin-lo (Hsin-lo, Silla), state of Korea Sinanthropos Sinkiang (Hsin-Chiang, Turkestan) Slash and burn agriculture (denshiring) Slaves Slave society Temple slaves Social mobility Social structure of tribes Socialism (see Marxism, Communism) Sogdiana, country in Central Asia Soul, concept of soul South-East Asia (see Burma, Champa, Cambodia, Annam, Laos, Vietnam, Tonking, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Mon-Khmer) Soviet Republics (see Russia) Speculations, financial Ss)u-ma, clan Ss)u-ma Ch'ien, historian Ss)u-ma Kuang, historian Ss)u-ma Yen, ruler Standardization States, territorial and national State religion Statistics (see Population) Steel Steppe Stone age Stratification, social (see Classes, Social mobility) Strikes Students Su Chuen, rebel Su Tsung, T'ang ruler Su Tung-p'o, poet su-wang (uncrowned king) Sui, dynasty Sun Ts'e, ruler Sun Yat-sen (Sun I-hsien), revolutionary leader, president Sung, dynasty Liu-Sung dynasty Szechwan (Ss)u-ch'uan), province (see Shu) Ta-tan (Tatars), tribal federation Tada, Japanese militarist Tai, tribes (see Thailand) Tai Chen, philosopher Tai Ch'ing dynasty (Manchu) T'ai P'ing, state T'ai Tsu, Sung ruler Manchu ruler T'ai Tsung, T'ang ruler (see Li Shih-min) Taiwan (T'ai-wan, see Formosa) T'an-yao, priest Tanaka, Japanese militarist T'ang, dynasty Later T'ang dynasty T'ang Hsien-tsu, writer T'ang Yin, painter Tanguts, Tibetan tribal federation and/or state (see Ch'iang) Tao, philosophical term Tao-kuang, reign period Tao-te-ching, book T'ao-t'ieh, mythical emblem Tao-yen, monk Taoism, religion Taoists (see Lao Tz)u, Chuang Tz)u, Chang Ling, etc.)
The next lower layer consisted of the "outer tribes", i.e. tribes which had joined the federation only later, often under strong pressure; their number was always much larger than the number of the "inner tribes", but their political influence was much weaker.
Difficulty of the problem, and failure of the early attempts at federation in New England.
Shortly afterwards she and others whom she interested formed the Women's Protective and Provident League, the title later on being changed to the bolder and more radical British Women's Trade Union League, a federation of women's unions, with an individual membership as well.
But how unconscious the vast number of women of this type were, either of the true nature of the force they were obeying or the point whither they were tending, was graphically illustrated at the Biennial Federation of Women's Clubs in St. Paul, in 1906, when a woman protested from the floor against the appointment of a committee to deal with industrial conditions.
A most emphatic presentation of the practical reasons why the man organizer can rarely handle effectively young women workers, and why therefore women are absolutely necessary if the organization on any large scale is to be successful, was made before the Convention of the American Federation of Labor in Toronto in 1909.
The garment-workers of Chicago, in their earlier struggles with the manufacturers, had had no such powerful combination to assist them as came to their aid now, when a Joint Strike Conference controlled the situation, with representatives upon it from the United Garment Workers of America International Executive Board, from the Chicago District Council of the same organization, from the Special Order Garment Workers, the Ready Made Garment Workers, the Chicago Federation of Labor and the Women's Trade Union League.
This is seen in the demand made by the men for the acknowledgment by the railways of the "system federation."
ILLINOIS STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR.
III THE BEGINNINGS OF MODERN ORGANIZATION As the Knights of Labor declined, the American Federation of Labor was rising to power and influence.
22) (20) For the plan of an Arcadian Federation and the part played by Lycomedes, its true author, "who certainly merits thereby a high place among the statesmen of Greece," see Freeman, "Hist.
The year 1886 was the year of the first meeting of the American Federation of Labor as we know it.
The spontaneous assistance given to the mother country by the colonies and dependencies has convinced him of the reality of the Empire, and vaguely inspired him with a vision of its possibilities as a federation of free commonwealths.
The combination or the federation of existing organizations is but the natural response of the workers to the ever-growing complexity of modern industrial life.
Another of Mr Zuwarkar's cronies was in charge of running the marketing federation then.
Tz)u Hsi, empress Uighurs, Turkish federation United States (see America) Ungern-Sternberg, general Urbanization (see City) Urga, city University Usury Vagrants (liu-min) Vietnam (see Annam) Village Village commons Vinaya Buddhism Voltaire, writer Walls Great Wall Wan-li, reign period Wang (king) Wang An-shih, statesman Wang Chen, eunuch Wang Ching-wei, collaborator Wang Ch'ung, philosopher Wang Hsien-chih, peasant leader Wang Kung, general Wang Mang, ruler Wang Shih-chen, writer Wang Shih-fu, writer Wang Tao-k'un, writer Wang Tun, rebel Wang Yang-ming, general and philosopher War size of wars War-chariot cost of wars War lords Warrior-nomads (see Army, World War, Opium War, Lorcha War, Fire-arms) Washington, conference Wei, dynasty small state empress Wei Chung-hsien, eunuch Wei T'o, ruler in South China Welfare state Well-field system (ching-t'ien), Wen Ti, Han ruler Wei ruler Toba ruler Sui ruler Wen Tsung, Manchu ruler Whampoa, military academy Wheat White Lotus sect (Pai-lien) Wholesalers Wine Wood-cut (see Colour print) Wool (see Felt) World Wars Women rights Writing, invention (see Script) Wu, empress state Wuch'ang, city (see Hankow) Wu Ching-tz)u, writer Wu-huan, tribal federation Wu P'ei-fu, war lord Wu San-kui, general Wu Shih-fan, ruler Wu-sun, tribal group Wu Tai (Five Dynasties period) Wu Tao-tz)u, painter Wu (Ti), Han ruler Chin ruler Liang ruler Wu Tsung, Manchu ruler Wu Wang, Chou ruler wu-wei, philosophical term Yakub beg, ruler Yamato, part of Japan Yang, clan Yang Chien, ruler (see Wen Ti) Yang (Kui-fei), concubine Yang-shao, archaeological site Yang Ti, Sui ruler Yao, mythical ruler tribes in South China Yarkand, city in Turkestan Yeh (K'ai-feng), city Yeh-ta (see Ephtalites) Yehe-Nara, tribe Yellow Turbans, secret society Yeh-lue Ch'u-ts'ai, politician Yen, state dynasty Earlier Yen dynasty Later Yen dynasty Western Yen dynasty Yen-an, city Yen Fu, translator Yen Hsi-shan, war lord Yen-ta (Altan), ruler Yen-t'ieh-lun (Discourses on Salt and Iron), book Yin Chung-k'an, general Yin-ch'ue, city Yin and Yang, philosophical terms Ying Tsung, Manchu ruler Yo Fei, general Yue Liang, general Yue-wen, tribal group Yuean Chen Yuean Chi, philosopher Yuean Mei, writer Yuean Shao, general Yuean Shih-k'ai, general and president Yuean Ti, Han ruler Chin ruler Yueeh, tribal group and area Yueeh-chih, Indo-European-speaking ethnic group Yuen-kang, caves Yuennan (Yuen-nan), province Yung-cheng, reign period Yung-lo, reign period Zen Buddhism (see Ch'an) Zoroaster, founder of religion End of the Project Gutenberg EBook of A History of China, by Wolfram Eberhard *** END OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A HISTORY OF CHINA *** ***** This file should be named 11367.txt or 11367.zip ***** This and all associated files of various formats will be found in: http://www.gutenberg.net/1/1/3/6/11367/ Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Gene Smethers and PG Distributed Proofreaders Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions will be renamed.
Since then, the Hsiung-nu empire had destroyed the federation of the Yueeh-chih tribes (some of which seem to have been of Indo-European language stock) and incorporated their people into their own federation; they had conquered also the less well organized eastern pastoral tribes, the Tung-hu and thus had become a formidable power.
The city would be in effect a federation of the wards or boroughs.
In 1891 there were present at the annual convention of the American Federation of Labor Mrs. Eva McDonald Valesh and Miss Ida Van Etten.
In 1908 the American Federation of Labor appointed a committee on industrial education consisting of nineteen members, of whom two were women, Agnes Nestor, International Secretary of the Glove Workers' Union, and Mrs. Raymond Robins, President of the National Women's Trade Union League of America.