If, therefore, you really want to know the conditions under which American opinion of Germany's conduct has been formed, I will endeavour to describe them with the same calmness and careful attention to accuracy which I earnestly endeavour to observe in my scientific investigations.
Both these men are still valued friends, and both believe in the righteousness of Germany's cause.
Your university professors and other prominent citizens of your country have written us circular and private letters without number, presenting Germany's arguments in every conceivable form.
Germans who were in Germany when the war broke out, but who have since come to America, have told me personally that, after learning the whole truth, they can no longer doubt Germany's responsibility for the catastrophe.
American opinion considers it discreditable and futile to invent charges against French soldiers on Belgian soil and French aviators flying over Belgian territory; and to try to make out a case in defence of Germanywhen your Chancellor has officially admitted Germany's guilt.
Its duty is to supervise until the extinction of the debt Germany's situation, her financial operations, her effects, her capacity for production, her provisioning, her production.
If we examine Germany's commerce in the five years prior to the Warthat is, in the five years of her greatest boomwe shall find that the imports always exceeded the exports.
Having taken away Germany's colonies and her capacities for expansion abroad, we must now direct her towards Russia where alone she can find the outlet necessary for her enormous population and the debt she has to carry.
If it is true, as already suggested, that Germany's action has only been that of the spark that fires the magazine, still her part in the affair affords such an extraordinarily illuminating text and illustration that one may be excused for dwelling on it.
But in the eyes of the world at large Germany's deliberate and determined sacrifice of Belgium, simply because the latter stood in the way of the rapid accomplishment of her warlike designs against France (and England), can never be condonedlittle Belgium who had never harmed or offended Germany in any way.
He became the strongest of German Unionists, and with a keen but somewhat narrow mind took an absolute pleasure in attacking every movement or body of people that seemed to him in any way to stand in the path of Germany's advancement, or not to assist in her consolidation.
Up to the period of Germany's rising commercial prosperity Germany and England had been on fairly friendly terms.
He says: "I remember about a fortnight before the war broke out with Germany having a conversation with a business man in Manchester, and he said to me that we most certainly ought to join in with the other nations and sweep the Germans off the face of the earth; I asked him why, and his only answer was, 'Look at the figures of Germany's exports; they are almost as high as ours!'
But if the crystallization of Germany round the Prussian nucleus was for the time the source of Germany's success, it is a question whether it is not even now becoming something quite different, and the likely cause of a serious downfall.
Because England was envious of Germany's greatness, because she was bound to hinder further expansion of the German sphere at any cost!
Both writers agree that we are in presence of Germany's last and greatest effort, that she has no more behind, and that if the Allies go on as they have begunand now with the help of Americathis summer should witness the fulfilment at least of that forecast which I reported to you in my earlier letters as so general among the chiefs of our Army in Francei.e.
Abd-ul-Hamid was her first pawn, and when the Young Turk Party swept him off the board she adopted them and their colour; for by hook or by crook, through this agency or that, Turkey had to be commanded or Germany's play was spoilt.
Germany's control over Turkey depends upon the maintenance of a corrupt minority in powertoo weak and corrupt to remain in it without Germany's guarantee, and corrupt enough, when secured in it, to put it at Germany's disposal.
Nemesis has overtaken the Germans in the Armenian deportationsa "political end" of Turkish Nationalism which swept away the "economic means" towards Germany's subtler policy.
Germany's active field force was at this time inferior in numbers to the invading army.
Captain Boelke, Germany's greatest airman, was killed October 28 in a collision with another airplane during a battle on the western front.
Germany's democratic leaders repeatedly pointed to Czarism as the evil spirit dominating the Entente.
This is not, as you might suppose, the harmless sally of a one-eyed wit; it is the carefully reasoned belief of Germany's profoundest political thinkers.
If Germany were to dominate the world, America, no doubt, would be ruined; but in all human likelihood, Germany's impious attempt would have spent itself and been broken long before it reached the coasts of America.
Yet when the time came to strike, Germany's might was hurled against neutral Belgium and unwilling France, while Russia was left free to overrun the Eastern part of Germany.
Exactly at six minutes to one (midday) on August 1st, a telegram left Berlin instructing the German Ambassador in St. Petersburg to declare war on Russia at 5 p.m. if the latter State had not given a satisfactory answer to Germany's ultimatum by that time.
This alone is a sufficiently severe comment on the conceptions of right and justice which direct the proceedings of Germany's highest legislative body.
It evidently did not occur to the Reichstag or Germany's Imperial Chancellor that, if necessity knows no law which respects a neutrality guaranteed by Germany, then at a later date necessity would also recognize no law which protected Belgian territory after Germany had conquered it.
Germany's soul had slept awhile and now awakes like a giant refreshed, and we can hardly recollect what it was all like only three weeks ago, when each lived for himself, when we were at best only parties, not a people.
This too arose out of the deepest depths of Germany's yearnings; it sounded like an eagle-cry of our most ancient longings.
Wolff's Telegraphic Bureau and Germany's venal, lying newspapers.
But when war is forced upon us by Russian Czarism, then, whatever the final decision may be, we must drop all class distinctions and differences of every kind, to form a single, determined people, prepared to defend Germany's independence and greatness against the enemyeven to the last drop of blood."
On the surface, there is no explanation for their cheers when Bethmann-Hollweg announced the invasion of two neutral States by Germany's armies.
" Germany's revolutionary party lost no time in hoisting the banner of "no annexations."
For half a century Marx, Lassalle, Bebel, Liebknecht and their successors have been busily engaged in intellectualizing Germany's proletarians; now it is advisable for the Socialist party to begin the work of humanizing them.
After Germany's official representative had returned from Brussels to Berlin he made a statement to the Press.
Other German war-writers state that the Belgian and French Governments had organized a franc-tireur warfare long before, and this accusation is one of the pillars of Germany's defence for the destruction of Louvain.
Fortunately the Roman Catholic Church of Germany has published a refutation of Germany's White Book, and surely this authority deserves credence.
Still Germany's pledged word was considered sufficient guarantee of the status quo.
This alteration in the potential status quo ante has been partly the result of natural growth, but in a still greater degree, to Germany's doctrine that it is only might which counts.
But if the late Liberal Government believed that Germany's potential energy could be prevented from breaking through into Belgian territory by a barricade of guide-booksit was a lamentable error of judgment.
As the matter stands to-day, however, all the efforts which Belgium did make, are classed by Germany as intrigues of the Triple Entente, threatening her (Germany's) existence, and all the horrors which have fallen upon this gallant "neutral" country the German Pecksniff designates "Belgium's Atonement."
Germany's afterthought on the point is: "It was Belgium's duty to protect her neutrality, and she owed this duty to all States alike in the interests of the balance of powera conception to which she owes her existence.
As regards the alleged plans which Germany's enemies had made to annihilate Germany, it will be necessary for Professor Schoenborn to prove that the Entente Powers had: (1.)
Pity for the Belgians suffering through Germany's brutal war of aggression does not appear to be one of Dr. Mittelmann's weaknesses.
The prime causes leading to these political agreements are to be found in Germany's attitude to the rest of Europe.
It seems banal to have to point out that Bosnia was unlawfully annexed by Germany's vassalAustria; that Germany, herself, brought Europe to the verge of war by sending the Panther to Agadir; and that the final catastrophic Machtprobe was likewise provoked by Germany's eastern vassal.
Ireland is another text for long and windy sermons of German hate, but the conclusion of one of these tirades will suffice to show Germany's real motive.
The work teems with unjust, incorrect opinions; is full of crass ignorance and grotesque exaggerations, which lead the unlearned astray, injure Germany's cause, and annoy those who know betterso far as they do not excite ridicule.
Preparatory for that day, it is Britain's duty to compel Germany's respect.
Envy and ill-will were their motives, but they lacked the right measure for Germany's greatness.
Then France and Russia felt compelled to meet Germany's move by increasing their armies also, extending, as she had done, the time of compulsory military service inflicted upon their poorer classes.
We believe, in short, that Germany's attitude towards us is friendly, and we intend to treat her in the same spirit.
It is Germany's suggestion that, in return for your neutrality, she should withdraw her fleet from action and leave the French northern towns unbombarded.
Had she not done so the peace of Europe would not have been preserved, nor is it possible on any ground of right or justice to cavil at Germany's purpose to be able in case of need to defend herself at sea.
It may be Germany's interest to have a prompt decision.
Germany's navy comes only in the second place in any scheme for a German war, while in any scheme for a British war the navy must come in the first place and the army in the second.
The situation was not an easy one; for Germany's rapid rise to power, and the methods by which she had acquired it, had not made her popular.
But Bismarck decided that this combination was the safest in Germany's interest: so he set to work to play upon Austria's fear of Russia, and to embroil Italy with France in North Africa; and his manoeuvres were duly rewarded.
The Kaiser's speeches on naval matters, notably his famous declaration that "our future is on the water," provide an official confirmation, if one were needed, of the real nature of Germany's naval ambitions.
Goethe, Luther, Kant, and Beethoven are Germany's title-deeds.
Then will the fluctuations of Germany's fate at once subside.
You see, dear friends, that the brotherly union with Germany must be of sacred importance to me, and that my heart must beat as fervently for Germany's freedom, as for that of my own people.
The question of British neutralityPossibility of England being involvedGermany warnedGerman 'bid for British neutrality'England's refusalFrance agrees, and Germany refuses, to respect Belgian neutralityPrince Lichnowsky and Sir Edward GreyNeutrality of Luxemburg violatedGermany demands a free passage through BelgiumSir Edward Grey protestsBelgium invadedEngland's ultimatumThe Imperial Chancellor urges necessity of Germany's action.
so long as Germany's adversaries respected the integrity and neutrality of the Netherlands, Germany was ready to give His Majesty's Government an assurance that she would do likewise.
The near East was like a blazing rick surrounded by farm buildings; Germany was, if not stirring up the conflagration, certainly not attempting to pour water on the flames, while Austria, possiblyand even probably with Germany's knowledge, would allow no one to make the attempt.
I then told him that the guilt for the measureless consequences lay at the door of premature mobilization against Austria-Hungary which after all was involved merely in a local war with Servia, for Germany's answer was clear and the responsibility rested upon Russia which ignored Austria-Hungary's assurance that it had no intentions of territorial gain in Servia.
So is it with Germany's possession of Schleswig-Holstein, with Austria in Herzegovina and Bosnia, France in Algiers, Italy in Tripoli: they are all instances of claim-jumping, reprehensible in varying degrees.
France has saved and regenerated her soul; but Germany? Further, the breakdown of paternalistically achieved efficiency has been evident in Germany's utter failure to understand the mind of other peoples, particularly of democracies.
The only chance that can save them is that further extermination may not suit Germany's political aims, and that she may find it worth her while to be peremptory, and forbid instead of endorsing.
But now no such imminence of danger threatened them, and, with Germany's domination over them vastly more secure than it had been in 1915, she could afford to treat them less as allies and more as a conquered people.
Germany's gold, her schools, her laboratories were at Turkey's disposal.
It is interesting to see how Germany adapted the Pan-Turkish ideal to her own ends, and, by a triumphant vindication of Germany's methods, the best account of this Pan-Turkish ideal is to be found in a publication of 1915 by Tekin Alp, which was written as German propaganda and by Germany disseminated broadcast over the Turkish Empire.
To do this the victory of our Allied Nations must be complete, and Germany's octopus envelopment of Turkish industries severed.
'Rapidity of action is Germany's greatest asset,' which means 'I am in a hurry.
Rumania stands in Russia's path, on the one hand, and, with its railway, in Germany's on the other; but Bulgaria does both, and, in addition, blocks the whole western frontier of Turkey and the only feasible chance to land an army from the Aegean.
On the other hand, the issue of this struggle will be decisive of Germany's whole future as State and nation.
CHAPTER III A BRIEF SURVEY OF GERMANY'S HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
It is not therefore the interest of any nation to increase Germany's power.
*** Germany's new Hymn of Hate has been published.
But all the time Germany was preparing for "The Day," steadily perfecting her war machine, enlarging her armies, creating a great fleet, and piling up colossal supplies of guns and munitions, while her professors and historians, harnessed to the car of militarism, inflamed the people against England as the jealous enemy of Germany's legitimate expansion.
Germany's retort, eight days later, by bombarding Scarborough and Whitby, reveals the normal Hun: Come where you willthe seas are wide; And choose your Daythey're all alike; You'll find us ready when we ride In calm or storm and wait to strike; Butif of shame your shameless Huns Can yet retrieve some casual traces Please fight our men and ships and guns, Not womenfolk and watering places.
Germany's attitude towards the United States tempers the blandishments of the serenader with the occasional discharge of half-bricks.
Italy has not declared war on Germany yet, but the fury of the German Press is unbounded, and for the moment Germany's overworked Professors of Hate have focused their energies on the new enemy, and its army of "vagabonds, convicts, ruffians and mandolin-players," conveniently forgetting that the spirit of Garibaldi is still an animating force, and that the King inherits the determination of his grandfather and namesake.
It was after the Agadir incident, and I had been sent to Germany by my newspaper on a dovelike mission of peace, to gather sentiments of good will to England from prominent public men who might desire out of their intellectual friendship to us to pour oil on the troubled waters which had been profoundly stirred by our challenge to Germany's foreign policy.
Not yet had they heard the roar of Germany's massed artillery or seen the heavens open and rain down death.
The Nazi economic system: Germany's mobilization for war.
Germany's drive to the West.
The thing that you will not understand, living, as you do, in a world going about its daily routine, out of sight, out of hearing of all this horror, is that Germany's wilful destruction is on a preconceived plana racial principle.
Germany is not invincible, and the chivalrous, loving aid that rallied to help France is none the less comforting simply because since 1914 all nations have learned that the trend of Germany's ambition was a menace to them as well as to France.
No ambition of national expansion stirred her imagination as Germany's was stirred; there was no fire in her soul as in that of France in apprehension of the day when she would have to fight for her life against Germany; no national cause to harden the sinews of patriotism.
* Sweden's great King, Germany's preserver, Gustavus Adolphus, founded Sala.
the restit's all too far away for any of us to know anything about itonly Germany's close at hand.
HOW THE PRUSSIAN GUARD CAME HOME FROM THE SOMME XXIII HOW GERMANY DENIES XXIV GERMANY'S HUMAN RESOURCES XXV BERLIN'S EAST-END XXVI IN THE DEEPENING SHADOW XXVII ACROSS THE NORTH SEA XXVIII
As I stood on that platform I felt Germany's power in a peculiar but convincing way.
I was seeing the other side of Germany's page of conquest.
Then it was I realised that these vans are part of Germany's plans by which her wounded are carriedI will not say secretly, but as unobtrusively as possible.
Recent reports from that country show that I was right, which increases my conviction that the confidential tips given by Germany's professional experts, who instruct neutral visitors, do very well to make Germany's position seem better than it actually is, but they seldom stand the acid test of history.
I was well aware that the same Wilhelmstrasse, while laying the wires for an attempt to have my country play Germany's game, was sedulously continuing its propaganda of Gott strafe Amerika among the German people.
The average Briton fully appreciates Germany's gigantic strength, and he coldly realises that as conditions are at present, his country must supply most of the driving forcemen, guns, and shellsto break it.