POLITICAL ECONOMY.--Labor and Wages in America.--By D. PIDGEON.--Who and what are the operatives.--Native labor.--Alien employes.--Housing of labor.--Sobriety.--Pauperism.--Artisans' homes.--Interest of employer in the condition of his employes.--Wages in Europe and America.--Expenditures of workingmen.--Free trade and protection.
But 'it is my interest to be honest,' Miss Howe tells her.--INTEREST, fools!--I thought these girls knew, that my interest was ever subservient to my pleasure.
His affections revert to, and settle on the past, but then, even this must have something personal and local in it to interest him deeply and thoroughly; he pitches his tent in the suburbs of existing manners; brings down the account of character to the few straggling remains of the last generation; seldom ventures beyond the bills of mortality, and occupies that nice point between egotism and disinterested humanity.
Footnote 2: Generous and disinterested!--Cato, the republican enemy of Caesar, and committer of suicide, is not luckily chosen for his present office by the poet who has put Brutus into the devil's mouth in spite of his agreeing with Cato, and the suicide Piero delle Vigne into hell in spite of his virtues.
The individual with whom I am conferring, if virtuous, is one of the most disinterestedly virtuous persons in the world."
She offered him the half-guinea I had given her for him; but he refused it with great professions of disinterestedness, and love, as he called it, to Miss Howe; to serve whom, he would ride to the world's-end, or even to Jericho.
Examine for yourself, and you will find in Alexander a model of honour, generosity, and disinterestedness,--a man who, for the cultivated liberality of his mind, and the unparalleled grandeur of his projects, must stand alone the spectacle and admiration of all ages of the world."
It produces sincerity, truthfulness, disinterestedness,--without which any friendship will die.
For example, when the playwright has, at the end of his first act, succeeded in carrying onward the spectator's interest, and giving him something definite to look forward to, it does not at all follow that the expected scene, situation, revelation, or what not, should come at the beginning of the second act.
How often, looking back, I see myself as in those days, read my learned books with a sort of fury of interest!-- From the reading of books I acquired a sham comfort.
If you're a serious threat-- if you're officially considered "of protective interest"-- then the Secret Service may well keep tabs on you for the rest of your natural life.
Thus it will appear that the power of a Trust or monopoly of capital is liable to be detrimental to the public interest--1st.
Legal claims might be transferred to a third person by sale, exchange, or donation; but to prevent speculators from purchasing debts at low prices, it was ordered that the assignee should not be entitled to exact from the debtor more than he himself had paid to acquire the debt, with interest,--a wise and just regulation.
Then the Cambridge newspapers took up the subject,--generally in the Caldigate interest,--and from thence the matter was transferred to the metropolitan columns,--which, with one exception, were strong in favour of such a reversal of the verdict as could be effected by a pardon from the Queen.
Hints of the day's entertainment sifted about, with much more,--each suggestion, true or otherwise, waking its little ripple of interest,--as some nearest the curtain lifted it up, went in, and returned, bringing reports.
Frederick Douglass was born in February, l8l7,--as nearly as the date could be determined in after years, when it became a matter of public interest,--at Tuckahoe, near Easton, Talbot County, on the eastern shore of Maryland, a barren and poverty-stricken district, which possesses in the birth of Douglass its sole title to distinction.
There had not been an hour in the day for the last four weeks that had not had its unsuspected interest,--because he was at the white house, because, possibly, he might be going by, or coming in; nay, even in church, when she stood up to sing, and thought she was thinking only of God, had she not been conscious of that tenor voice that poured itself out by her side?
It had become, by all causes, a national interest,--by no means conspicuous, so that some great scholar would have thought of treating it in an English history,--but not a whit less considerable because it was cheap and of no account, like a baker's-shop.
Sometimes the mysterious power of such a name evoked a new mystery and a more intense interest,--Byzantium.
Then there came a multiplicity of telegrams, very costly to the Crinkett interest;--costly also and troublesome to himself; for he, though the matter was so pleasantly settled as far as he was concerned, could not altogether ignore the plaints that were made to him.
The landlord was astonished when Walker counted out to him two hundred and five dollars in gold,--surprised when to that was added a round sum for interest,--ecstatic, on being presented with a brand-new pair of pantaloons, of the same pattern as the expensive ones formerly so admired by him.
Some days after this Tommy became interested in the growing of corn, and Harry promising to get some seed from his father, Tommy got up early and, having dug very perseveringly in a corner of his garden to prepare the ground for the seed, asked Mr. Barlow if this was not very good of him.
It was just what she had wanted--"if I can only get him interested--!"
I confess myself to have been interested,--foolishly so, I thought afterward; but we all have our weaknesses, and diamonds were mine.
However they all watched Joe eagerly and interestedly, even Helen.
People are your friends from pure friendship and love, not from sponging self-interestedness.
It was very remarkable, however, that all these fancy sketches bore a striking resemblance to another acquaintance of mine, who will shortly be introduced, and in whom, until I moved into my now room, I had been exclusively interested,--so much so, in fact, that----But I will not anticipate.
In one question, however, periodically fruitful of argument, even the youngest was becoming interested,--the question of the visits to the household of the various friends and playmates of the children.
But as a matter of fact,"--getting more and more interested--"they didn't.
"That man is waiting for some one," decided Andy, getting interested--"yes, and he belongs to the show, I'll bet."
We cannot wonder at the enthusiasm which those religious ideas excited nearly four hundred years ago when we reflect that they were not cant words then, not worn-out platitudes, not dead dogmas, but full of life and exciting interest,--even as were the watchwords of Rousseau--"Liberty, Fraternity, Equality"--to Frenchmen, on the outbreak of their political revolution.
Every noble and every mean and every mixed exhibition of character,--every act of munificence and of baseness,--every narrative of thrilling or romantic interest,--every instance and example of popular delusion, humbug, man-worship, breach of trust, domestic infelicity, and of cunning or astounding depravity and hypocrisy,--every religious, social, and political excitement,--every panic,--and every accident even, from carelessness or want of skill,--each and all these have their exact parallels, generally within the same year of time in Great Britain and in our own country.
His most intimate friends were John Irving, Sir Archibald Campbell, the Earl of Dalhousie, and Adam Ferguson, with whom he made excursions to the Highlands, and to ruined castles and abbeys of historic interest,--following with tireless search the new trail of an old Border ballad, or taking a thirty-mile walk to clear up some local legend of battle, foray, or historic event.
But let another actor be added to the drama in the presiding Inquisitor, the cool methodizer of this process of torture; in an instant the scene is changed, and, strange to say, our feelings become less painful,--nay, we feel a momentary interest,--from an instant revulsion of our moral nature: we are lost in wonder at the excess of human wickedness, and the hateful wonder, as if partaking of the infinite, now distends the faculties to their utmost tension; for who can set bounds to passion when it seizes the whole soul?
Even the passing observer is aware how closely the Society of Friends is identified with the anti-slavery cause, and if such an one were to make this fact the subject of historical investigation, he would probably find it one of considerable interest.--He would learn that some years before the call of Thomas Clarkson in his early manhood, by a series of distinct and remarkable Providences, into this field of labor, this Society in America had been pervaded by a noiseless agitation on the subject of slavery, which resulted in the abandonment of the slave-trade, in the liberation of their slaves, and in the adoption of a rule of discipline excluding slaveholders from religious fellowship; so that for many years past, the sins in question have been not so much as to be named among them, or the possibility of their commission hinted at, by any one bearing the name and professing the principles of a "Friend."
Louisa on this replied with blushes, that since, by the belief she should never see him more, she had been unwarily drawn in to declare herself so far, she neither could, nor would attempt to deny what she had said; but, added she, it is perhaps, by being too much influenced by your merits, that I find myself obliged to refuse what you require of me:--I cannot think, cried she, of rendering unhappy a person who so much deserves to be blessed:--and what but misery would attend a match so unequal as yours would be with me!--How would your kindred brook it!--How would the world confuse and ridicule the fondness of an affection so ill placed!--What would they say when they should hear the nobly born, the rich, and the accomplished monsieur du Plessis, had taken for his wife a maid obscurely defended, and with no other dowry than her virtue!--My very affection for you would, in the general opinion, lose all its merit, and pass for sordid interest:--I should be looked upon as the bane of your glory;--as one whose artifices had ensnared you into a forgetfulness of what you owed to yourself and family, and be despised and hated by all who have a regard for you.--This, monsieur, continued she, is what I cannot bear, neither for your sake nor my own, and entreat you will no farther urge a suit, which all manner of considerations forbid me to comply with.
She first blames ladies for exposing their persons in the present style of dress; and then says, if they knew their own interest,--if they were aware how much more alluring they were to men when their charms are less displayed, they would make the desired alteration from motives merely selfish.
Though your lust Desir'd smooth youth to sate it, piety Might have reclamd you for attempting me, Your daughter's interest.--Ile not rayle Cause tis unmannerly, untill you find What 'tis to cause true lovers prove unkind.
"Ther's nothin' more interestin' than marryin', excep' mebbee the courtin'," she replied softly, "an' a gift is, so ter speak, a message o' love an' tenderness from one human heart t' another.
These wars are without poetic interest,--in this respect unlike the wars between Caesar and Pompey, and that between Octavius and Antony.
Throughout the year he was very busy with the Numerical Lunar Theory.--In March he was officially asked to accept the office of Visitor of the Royal Observatory, which he accepted, and in this capacity attended at the Annual Visitation on June 2nd, and addressed a Memorandum to the Visitors on the progress of his Lunar Theory.--On March 12th he published in several newspapers a statement in opposition to the proposed Braithwaite and Buttermere Railway, which he considered would be injurious to the Lake District, in which he took so deep an interest.--In May he communicated to "The Observatory" a statement of his objections to a Theory advanced by Mr Stone (then President of the Royal Astronomical Society) to account for the recognized inequality in the Mean Motion of the Moon.
One of the most interesting characteristics of the woody tissues in relation to the transfer of water is the immediate change which the cut surface of a stem undergoes upon exposure to the air, unfitting it for its full conductive work.
And a joss-house is interesting----" "But the opium smoking----" Angela persisted, suspecting that he meant to slide off the subject.
Whether it was, that those who saw them compared their present situation with the state of misery and wretchedness from which they had been taken; --or whether it was the joy and exultation which were expressed in the countenances of the poor parents in contemplating their children all busily employed about them;--or the air of self-satisfaction which these little urchins put on, at the consciousness of their own dexterity, while they pursued their work with redoubled diligence upon being observed, that rendered the scene so singularly interesting,-- I know not; but certain it is, that few strangers who visited the establishment, came out of these halls without being much affected.
Her account of Lamb is interesting:-- Mr. Lamb's first approach was not prepossessing.
To-day I attack the second--Parts are very interesting.-- I left a blank at top of my letter, not being determined which to address it to, so Farmer and Farmer's wife will please to divide our thanks.
He found the city most interesting--"A piece of porphyry set in verd antique"--and those to whom he had letters of introduction more hospitable than in any other city in Italy.
The Speech of Prince Bismarck in the German Reichstag, February, 1888, I have found very instructive and interesting,--a sort of resume of his own political life.
It is only in this respect that the details of his travels are interesting.--Considered as constituting a portion of the education of his genius, they are highly curious, and serve to show how little, after all, of great invention is requisite to make interesting and magnificent poetry.
This remarkable word-painter, in his Life of Caesar,--which is, however, interesting from first to last, as everything he writes is interesting,--has presented him as an object of unbounded admiration, as I have already noticed in my lecture on Caesar.