At each line of his book he has brought out the disillusion, and instead of ending it with something charming, he has undertaken to show us that this woman, after meeting scorn, abandonment, and ruin of her house, comes to a frightful death.
ignore conscience; they refuse to acknowledge the selfishness, the baseness, the cruelty of society; they are deaf to the groans of creation; they smile, and expect us to smile, whilst they clap a purple patch of rhetoric on the running sores of humanity.
Only in the Norse sources do we find a contamination.
The positive school of criminology, then, was born in our own Italy through the singular attraction of the Italian mind toward the study of criminology; and its birth is also due to the peculiar condition our country with its great and strange contrast between the theoretical doctrines and the painful fact of an ever increasing criminality.
INDEX Adams, Henry, leader of the exodus to Kansas, Akron, friends of fugitives in, Alton Telegraph, comment of, Anderson, promoter of settling of Negroes in Jamaica, Anti-slavery, leaders of the movement, became more helpful to the refugees, Anti-slavery sentiment, of two kinds, American Federation of Labor, attitude of, toward Negro labor, Appalachian highland, settlers of, aided fugitives; exodus of Negroes to, Arkansas, drain of laborers to, Ball, J.P., a contractor, Ball, Thomas, a contractor, Barclay, interest of, in the sending of Negroes to Jamaica, Barrett, Owen A., discoverer of a remedy, Bates, owner of slaves at St. Genevieve, Beauvais, owner of slaves, Upper Louisiana, Benezet, Anthony, plan of, to colonize Negroes in West; interest of, in settling Negroes in the West, Berlin Cross Roads, Negroes of, Bibb, Henry, interest of, in colonization, Birney, James G., promoter of the migration of the Negroes; press of, destroyed by mob in Cincinnati, Black Friday, riot of, in Portsmouth, Blackburn, Thornton, a fugitive claimed in Detroit, Boll weevil, a cause of migration, Boston, friends of fugitives in, Boyce, Stanbury, went with his father to Trinidad in the fifties, Boyd, Henry, a successful mechanic in Cincinnati, Brannagan, Thomas, advocate of colonizing the Negroes in the West; interest of, in settling Negroes in the West, Brissot de Warville, observations of, on Negroes in the West, British Guiana, attractive to free Negroes, Brooklyn, Illinois, a Negro community, Brown, John, in the Appalachian highland, Brown County, Ohio, Negroes in, Buffalo, friends of fugitives in, Butler, General, holds Negroes as contraband; policy of, followed by General Wood and General Banks, Cairo, Illinois, an outlet for the refugees Calvin Township, Cass County, Michigan, a Negro community; note on progress of Campbell, Sir George, comment on condition of Negroes in Kansas City Canaan, New Hampshire, break-up of school of, admitting Negroes, Canada, the migration of Negroes to; settlements in, Canadians, supply of slaves of; prohibited the importation of slaves, Canterbury, people of, imprison Prudence Crandall because she taught Negroes, Cardoza, F.L., return of from Edinburgh to South Carolina, Cassey, Joseph C., a lumber merchant, Cassey, Joseph, a broker in Philadelphia, Chester, T. Morris, went from Pittsburgh to settle in Louisiana, Cincinnati, friends of fugitives in; mobs; successful Negroes of, Clark, Edward V., a jeweler, Clay, Henry, a colonizationist, Code for indentured servants in West, note, Coffin, Levi, comment on the condition of the refugees, Coles, Edward, moved to Illinois to free his slaves; correspondence with Jefferson on slavery, Colgate, Richard, master of James Wenyam who escaped to the West, Collins, Henry M., interest of, in colonization; a real estate man in Pittsburgh, Corbin, J.C., return of, from Chillicothe to Arkansas, Colonization proposed as a remedy for migration, in the West; organization of society of; failure to remove free Negroes; opposed by free people of color; meetings of, in the interest of the West Indies; impeded by the exodus to the West Indies; a remedy for migration, Colonization Society, organization of; renewed efforts of, Colonizationists, opposition of, to the migration to the West Indies, Columbia, Pa., friends of fugitives in, Compagnie de l'Occident in control of Louisiana, Condition of fugitives in contraband camps, Congested districts in the North, Connecticut, exterminated slavery; law of; against teaching Negroes, Conventions of Negroes, Cook, Forman B., a broker, Crandall, A.W., interest in checking the exodus to Kansas, Crandall, Prudence, imprisoned because she taught Negroes, Credit system, a cause of unrest, Crozat, Antoine, as Governor of Louisiana, Cuffe, Paul, an actual colonizationist, Davis, comment on freedmen's vagrancy, De Baptiste, Richard, father of, in Detroit, Debasement of the blacks after Reconstruction, Delany, Martin R., interest of, in colonization, De Tocqueville, observation of, on the condition of free Negroes in the North, Delaware, disfranchisement of Negroes in, Detroit, Negroes in; friends of fugitives in; a gateway to Canada; the Negro question in; mob of, rises against Negroes; successful Negroes of, Dinwiddie, Governor, Fears of, as to servile insurrection, Diseases of Negroes in the North, Distribution of intelligent blacks, Douglass, Frederick, the leading Negro journalist; advice of, on staying in the South to retain political power; comment of, on exodus to Kansas, Downing, Thomas, owner of a restaurant, Drain of laborers to Mississippi and Louisiana; to Arkansas and Texas, Eaton, John, work of, among the refugees, Economic opportunities for the Negro in the North; economic opportunities for Negroes in the South, Educational facilities, the lack of, Elizabethtown, friends of fugitives in, Elliot, E.B., return of, from Boston to South Carolina, Elmira, friends of fugitives in, Emancipation of the Negroes in the West Indies, the effect of, Epstein, Abraham, an authority on the Negro migrant in Pittsburgh, Exodus, the, during the World War; causes; efforts of the South to check it; Negroes divided on it; whites divided on it; unfortunate for the South; probable results; will increase political power of Negro; exodus of the Negroes to Kansas, Fear of Negro domination to cease, Ficklen, comment on freedmen's vagrancy, Fiske, A.S., work of, among the contrabands, Fleming, comment of, on freedmen's vagrancy, Floods of the Mississippi, a cause of migration, Foote, Ex-Governor of Mississippi, liberal measure of, presented to Vicksburg convention, Fort Chartres, slaves of, Forten, James, a wealthy Negro, Freedman's relief societies, aid of, Free Negroes, opposed to American Colonization Society; interested in African colonization; National Council of, French, departure of, from West to keep slaves; welcome of, to fugitive slaves of the English colonies; good treatment of, Friends of fugitives, Fugitive Slave Law, a destroyer of Negro settlements, Fugitives coming to Pennsylvania, Gallipolis, friends of fugitives in, Georgia, laws of, against Negro mechanics; slavery considered profitable in, Germans antagonistic to Negroes; favorable to fugitives in mountains; opposed Negro settlement in Mercer County, Ohio; their hatred of Negroes, Gibbs, Judge M.W., went from Philadelphia to Arkansas, Gilmore's High School, work of, in Cincinnati, Gist, Samuel, settled his Negroes in Ohio, Goodrich, William, owner of railroad stock, Gordon, Robert, a successful coal dealer in Cincinnati, Grant, General U.S., protected refugees in his camp; retained them at Fort Donelson; his use of the refugees, Greener, R.T., comment of, on the exodus to Kansas; went from Philadelphia to South Carolina, Gregg, Theodore H., sent his manumitted slaves to Ohio, Gulf States, proposed Negro commonwealths of, Guild of Caterers, in Philadelphia, Halleck, General, excluded slaves from his lines, Harlan, Robert, a horseman, Harper, John, sent his slaves to Mercer County, Ohio, Hamsburg, Negroes in; reaction against Negroes in, Harrison, President William H., accommodated at the cafe of John Julius, a Negro, Hayden, a successful clothier, Hayti, the exodus of Negroes to, Henry, Patrick, on natural rights, Hill of Chillicothe, a tanner and currier, Holly, James T., interest of, in colonization, Hood, James W., went from Connecticut to North Carolina, Hunter, General, dealing with the refugees in South Carolina Illinois, the attitude of, toward the Negro; race prejudice in; slavery question in the organization of; effort to make the constitution proslavery, Immigration of foreigners, cessation of, a cause of the Negro migration, Indian Territory, exodus of Negroes to, Indiana, the attitude of, toward the Negro; counties of, receiving Negroes from slave states; slavery question in the organization of; effort to make constitution of pro-slavery; race prejudice in; protest against the settlement of Negroes there, Indians, attitude of, toward the Negroes, Infirmary Farms, for refugees, Intimidation, a cause of migration, Irish, antagonistic to Negroes; their hatred of Negroes, Jamaica, Negroes of the United States settled in, Jay's Treaty, Jefferson, Thomas, his plan for general education including the slaves; plan to colonize Negroes in the West; natural rights theory of; an advocate of the colonization of the Negroes in the West Indies, Jenkins, David, a paper hanger and glazier, Johnson, General, permitted slave hunters to seek their slaves in his lines, Julius, John, proprietor of a cafe in which he entertained President William H. Harrison, Kansas Freedmen's Relief Association, the work of, Kansas refugees, condition of; treatment of, Kaokia, slaves of, Kaskaskia, slaves of, Keith, George, interested in the Negroes, Kentucky, disfranchisement of Negroes in; abolition society of, advocated the colonization of the blacks in the West, Key, Francis S., a colonizationist, Kingsley, Z., a master, settled his son of color in Hayti, Ku Klux Klan, the work of, Labor agents promoting the migration of Negroes, Lambert, William, interest of, in the colonization of Negroes, Land tenure, a cause of unrest; after Reconstruction, Langston, John M., returned from Ohio to Virginia, Lawrence County, Ohio, Negroes immigrated into, Liberia, freedmen sent to, Lincoln, Abraham, urged withholding slaves, Louis XIV, slave regulations of, Louisiana, drain of laborers to; exodus from; refugees in, Lower Camps, Brown County, Negroes of, Lower Louisiana, conditions of; conditions of slaves in, Lundy, Benjamin, promoter of the migration of Negroes, Lynching, a cause of migration; number of Negroes lynched, McCook, General, permitted slave hunters to seek their Negroes in his lines, Maryland, disfranchisement of Negroes in; passed laws against Negro mechanics; reaction in, Massachusetts, exterminated slavery, Meade, Bishop William, a colonizationist, Mercer County, Ohio, successful Negroes of; resolutions of citizens against Negroes, Miami County, Randolph's Negroes sent to, Michigan, Negroes transplanted to; attitude of, toward the Negro, Migration, the, of the talented tenth; handicaps of; of politicians to Washington; of educated Negroes; of the intelligent laboring class; effect of Negroes' prospective political power; to northern cities, Miles, N.E., interest in stopping the exodus to Kansas, Mississippi, drain of laborers to; exodus from; refugees in; slaves along, Morgan, Senator, of Alabama, interested in sending the Negroes to Africa, Movement of the blacks to the western territory; promoted by Quakers, Movements of Negroes during the Civil War; of poor whites, Mulber, Stephen, a contractor, Murder of Negroes in the South, Natural rights, the effect of; the discussion of, on the condition of the Negro, Negro journalists, the number of Negroes, condition of, after Reconstruction; escaped to the West; those having wealth tend to remain in the South; migration of, to Mexico; exodus of, to Liberia; no freedom of speech of; not migratory; leaders of Reconstruction, largely from the North; mechanics in Cincinnati; servants on Ohio river vessels, New Hampshire, exterminated slavery, New Jersey, abolished slavery New York, abolition of slavery in; friends of fugitives in; mobs of, attack Negroes; Negro suffrage in; restrictions of, on Negroes, North Carolina, Negro suffrage in; Quakers of, promoting the migration of the Negroes; reaction in, North, change in attitude of, toward the Negro; divided in its sentiment as to method of helping the Negro; favorable sentiment of; trade of, with the South; fugitives not generally welcomed; its Negro problem; housing the Negro in; criminal class of Negroes in, loss of interest of, in the Negro; not a place of refuge for Negroes; Northwest, few Negroes in, at first; hesitation to go there because of the ordinance of 1787, Noyes Academy, broken up because it admitted Negroes, Nugent, Colonel W.L., interest in stopping the exodus to Kansas, Occupations of Negroes in the North, Ohio, Negro question in constitutional convention of; in the legislature of 1804; black laws of; protest against Negroes, Oklahoma, Negroes in; discouraged by early settlers of, Ordinance of 1784 rejected, Ordinance of 1787, passed; meaning of sixth article of; reasons for the passage of; did not at first disturb slavery; construction of, Otis, James, on natural rights, Pacific Railroad, proposal to build, with refugee labor, Palmyra, race prejudice of, Pelham, Robert A., father of, moved to Detroit, Penn, William, advocate of emancipation, Pennsylvania, effort in, to force free Negroes to support their dependents; effort to prevent immigration of Negroes; increase in the population of free Negroes of; petitions to rid the State of Negroes by colonization; era of good feeling in; exterminated slavery; the migration of freedmen from North Carolina to; Negro suffrage in; passed laws against Negro mechanics; successful Negroes of, Peonage, a cause of migration, Philadelphia, Negroes rush to; race friction of; woman of color stoned to death; Negro church disturbed; reaction against Negroes; riots in; successful Negroes of; property owned by Negroes, Pierce, E.S., plan for handling refugees in South Carolina, Pinchback, P.B.S., return of, from Ohio to Louisiana to enter politics, Pittman, Philip, account of West, of, Pittsburgh, friends of fugitives in; Negro of, married to French woman; kind treatment of refugees; respectable mulatto woman married to a surgeon of Nantes; riot in, Platt, William, a lumber merchant, Political power, not to be the only aim of the migrants; the mistakes of such a policy, Polities, a cause of unrest, Pollard, N.W., agent of the Government of Trinidad, sought Negroes in the United States, Portsmouth, friends of fugitives of, Portsmouth, Ohio, mob of, drives Negroes out; progressive Negroes of, Prairie du Rocher, slaves of, Press comments on sending Negroes to Africa, Puritans, not much interested in the Negro, Quakers, promoted the movement of the blacks to Western territory; in the mountains assisted fugitives, Race prejudice, the effects of; among laboring classes, Randolph, John, a colonizationist; sought to settle his slaves in Mercer County, Ohio, Reaction against the Negro, Reconstruction, promoted to an extent by Negro natives of North, Redpath, James, interest of, in colonization, Refugees assembled in camps; in West; in Washington; in South; exodus of, to the North; fear that they would overrun the North; development of; vagrancy at close of war, Renault, Philip Francis, imported slaves, Resolutions of the Vicksburg Convention bearing on the exodus to Kansas, Rhode Island, exterminated slavery, Richards, Benjamin, a wealthy Negro of Pittsburgh, Richard, Fannie M., a successful teacher in Detroit, Riley, William H., a well-to-do bootmaker, Ringold, Thomas, advertisement of, for a slave in the West, Rochester, friends of fugitives in, Saint John, Governor, aid of, to the Negroes in Kansas, Sandy Lake, Negro settlement in, Saunders of Cabell County, Virginia, sent manumitted slaves to Cass County, Michigan, Saxton, General Rufus, plan for handling refugees in South Carolina, Scotch-Irish Presbyterians, favorable to fugitives, Scott, Henry, owner of a pickling business, Scroggs, Wm.
Burle looked half asleep; his face was puffy with unhealthy fat, as if he had spent a night of debauchery.
a noble Romagnese, lamenting the degeneracy of his country, calls to mind with graceful and touching regret, "Le donne, i cavalier, gli affanni e gli agi, Che inspiravano amore e cortesia."
This excited such a degree of commiseration in the breasts of those very men, who a little before, pouring execrations upon them, had proposed that they should be delivered up and torn to pieces, that every one, forgetting his own condition, turned away his eyes from that degradation of so high a dignity, as from a spectacle too horrid to behold.
For what heavier judgment, what greater calamity, can befal any people, than to become subject to that hardness of heart, that forgetfulness of God, and insensibility to every religious impression, as well as that general depravation of manners, which so much prevails in these colonies, in proportion as they have more or less enriched themselves at the expence of the blood and bondage of the Negroes.
At the Roman Court he met Don Piero de' Medici--the Florentine envoy--and, through him, got into evil company.
Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffic.
This sleek and gentle pedler of indulgences rode side by side with a repulsive officer of the Church, with a fiery red face, of whom children were afraid, fond of garlic and onions and strong wine, and speaking only Latin law-terms when he was drunk, but withal a good fellow, abating his lewdness and drunkenness.
Every one who lives there indulges in the utmost licentiousness; both religion and law are utterly ignored.... It is true that outwardly they appear to acknowledge a God; for they have set up in a niche an image of God the Father, which they have stolen from some church, and before which they come daily to offer up certain prayers; but this is only because they superstitiously imagine that by this means they are released from the necessity of performing the duties of Christians to their pastor and their parish, and are even absolved from the sin of entering a church for the purpose of robbery and purse-cutting."
It must be his own fault somehow that he has that; and he has evidently been always conscious of a likeness between this difficulty and perversion of a process natural to his body, and the difficulty and perversion of his getting sensible and just opinions; for it has passed into the immortality of a proverb that a shrewd man is a man who has "cut his eye-teeth;" and the four last teeth, which we get late in life, and which cost many people days of real illness, are called in all tongues, all countries, "wisdom teeth!"
We know also that they did not perish by any miraculous intervention of Providence: but simply as any other nation would have perished; by profligacy, internal weakness, civil war, and, at last, by foreign conquest.
The slaveholder will not only not labor with his hands to supply the wants of others, and "to support the weak;" but he makes others labor to supply his wants:--yes, makes them labor unpaid--night and day--in storm, as well as in sunshine--under the lash--bleeding--groaning--dying--and all this, not to minister to his actual needs, but to his luxuriousness and sensuality.
Burdened with years and full of sinfulness, With evil custom grown inveterate, Both deaths I dread that close before me wait, Yet feed my heart on poisonous thoughts no less.
The Secretary of State having received information that the merchants and merchandise of the United States are subject in Copenhagen and other ports of Denmark to considerable extra duties, from which they might probably be relieved by the presence of a consul there-- Reports to the President of the United States that it would be expedient to name a consul to be resident in the port of Copenhagen; that he has not been able to find that there is any citizen of the United States residing there; that there is a certain Hans Rudolph Saaby, a Danish subject and merchant of that place, of good character, of wealth and distinction, and well qualified and disposed to act there for the United States, who would probably accept the commission of consul; but that that of vice-consul, hitherto given by the President to foreigners in ports where there was no proper American citizen, would probably not be accepted because in this, as in some other ports of Europe, usage has established it as a subordinate grade.
That must be broken up from which their ignorance, and viciousness, and wretchedness proceeded.
George Eliot well says that "no man ever struggled to retain power over a mixed multitude without suffering vitiation; his standard must be their lower needs, and not his own best insight."
18:17 Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shalt thou take her son’s daughter, or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.